AskDefine | Define protagonist

Dictionary Definition

protagonist

Noun

1 a person who backs a politician or a team etc.; "all their supporters came out for the game"; "they are friends of the library" [syn: supporter, champion, admirer, booster, friend]
2 the principal character in a work of fiction [syn: agonist]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. The main character in a literary work or drama.
  2. A leading person in a contest; a principal performer.
  3. An advocate or champion of a cause, or course of action.

Pronunciation

Antonyms

Translations

The main character
A leading person in a contest
An advocate

Extensive Definition

The protagonist or main character is the central figure of a story. It is not necessarily clear what being this central figure exactly entails. The terms protagonist, main character and hero are variously (and rarely well) defined and depending on the source may denote different concepts.
Basically, the term protagonist is defined to be either always synonymous with the term main character, or it is defined as a different concept, in which case a single character still may (and usually will) serve the function of both the protagonist and main character, or the functions may be split.
In classical and later theater the protagonist is the character undergoing a dramatic change (peripeteia), both of his own character and external circumstances, with the plot either going from order to chaos (in a tragedy, with a reversal of fortune bringing about the downfall of the protagonist, usually an exceptional individual, as a result of a tragic flaw (hamartia) in his personality), or from chaos to order (in a comedy, with the protagonist going from misfortune to prosperity and from obscurity to prominence).
Sometimes a story about an exceptional character being a driving force behind the plot, facing an opponent (the antagonist) and undergoing an important change like it is the case with the protagonist may be told from the perspective of a different character (who may, but will not necessarily also be the narrator). In such cases it may be helpful to define the character through whose perspective the plot is followed as the main character, the main character having here a separate function from the protagonist.
The principal opponent of the protagonist is a character known as the antagonist who represents or creates obstacles that the protagonist must overcome. As with protagonists, there may be more than one antagonist in a story. (Note that the term antagonist in this context is much more recent than the term protagonist, and rests on the same misconception as the use of protagonist to mean proponent. See below.)
Sometimes, a work will initially highlight a particular character, as though they were the protagonist, and then unexpectedly dispose of that character as a dramatic device. Such a character is called a false protagonist.
When the work contains subplots, these may have different protagonists from the main plot. In some novels, protagonist may be impossible to pick out, because the plots do not permit clear identification of one as the main plot, as in Alexander Solzhenitsyn's The First Circle, depicting a variety of characters imprisoned and living in a gulag camp.

Usage

Protagonist or protagonists

In an ancient Greek drama, the protagonist was the leading actor and as such there could only be one protagonist in a play. However the word has been used in the plural to mean 'important actors' or 'principal characters' since at least 1671 when John Dryden wrote "Tis charg'd upon me that I make debauch'd persons... my protagonists, or the chief persons of the drama" http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=protagonist.

Protagonist as proponent

The use of 'protagonist' in place of 'proponent' has become common in the 20th century and may have been influenced by a misconception that the first syllable of the word represents the prefix pro- (i.e. 'favoring') rather than proto-, meaning first (as opposed to deuter-, second, in deuteragonist, or tri-, third, in tritagonist). For example, usage such as "He was an early protagonist of nuclear power" can be replaced by 'advocate' or 'proponent' http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=protagonist.

Protagonist in psychodrama

In psychodrama, the "protagonist" is the person (group member, patient or client) who decides to enact some significant aspect of his life, experiences or relationships on stage with the help of the psychodrama director and other group members, taking supplementary roles as auxiliary egos.

Trivia

The main character of Neal Stephenson's 1992 science fiction novel Snow Crash is named Hiro Protagonist.

See also

protagonist in German: Hauptrolle
protagonist in Esperanto: Ĉefrolulo
protagonist in Portuguese: Protagonista
protagonist in Russian: Протагонист
protagonist in Albanian: Protagonisti
protagonist in Swedish: Huvudperson
protagonist in Thai: ตัวเอก
protagonist in Japanese: 主人公

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Maecenas, abettor, actor, admirer, advocate, aficionado, angel, antagonist, antihero, apologist, backer, bit, bit part, buff, cast, champion, character, cue, danseur noble, defender, dependence, diva, encourager, endorser, exponent, fan, fat part, favorer, feature attraction, feeder, first tragedian, friend at court, headliner, heavy, heavy lead, hero, heroine, ingenue, jeune premier, lead, lead role, leader, leading lady, leading man, leading woman, lines, lover, mainstay, maintainer, moving spirit, paranymph, part, partisan, patron, person, personage, piece, prima ballerina, prima donna, prime mover, principal, promoter, reliance, role, second, seconder, sectary, side, sider, singer, soubrette, sponsor, stalwart, standard-bearer, standby, star, straight part, superstar, support, supporter, supporting character, supporting role, sustainer, sympathizer, title role, upholder, villain, votary, walk-on, walking part, well-wisher
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